13. Net foreign exchange / (losses)

Accounting policies and classification

Foreign exchange gains (losses) comprise foreign exchange gains and losses, both realized and unrealized, resulting from valuation of assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies and from the fair value valuation of foreign currency derivatives (FX forward, FX swap, CIRS and currency options). In the case of the hedging strategies in which CIRS contracts are the hedging instrument, this item also includes the ineffective portion of cash flow hedges.

Annual report

Impairment allowances on expected loan losses for loans, advances and other foreign currency-denominated receivables, which are recorded in PLN, are revalued when the measurement of the underlying foreign currency-denominated assets changes. The effect of such revaluation is recognized in foreign exchange gains/losses.

Net foreign exchange gains/(losses)

2018 2017
Net foreign exchange gains/(losses), of which: 489 452
Ineffective portion of cash flow hedges recognized in net foreign exchange 12 14
Total 489 452

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